Ilona S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2953) interviewed by Bonnie Dwork and Gabriele Schiff
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1994
- Interview Date
- March 14, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ilona S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2953). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ilona S., who was born in Kapuvár, Hungary in 1917. She recalls attending Jewish and secular schools; cordial relations with non-Jews; marriage in 1939; moving to Pápa; her daughter's birth in 1941; German occupation; her husband's arrest; seeing him only one more time; expulsion from her home; forced transfer to Budapest; the birth of her second daughter; bombing of the Jewish hospital; living in the ghetto; an accident in which the baby was seriously burned; cold, hunger and lack of sanitary facilities; liberation by Soviet troops in 1945; her older daughter's death; learning her parents and sister had not survived; returning home; learning in 1947 that her husband had not survived; remarriage to a man whose family had perished; their successful winery; the birth of their child; government confiscation of their business; illegal emigration to Austria in the mid 1950s; help from her uncle in Vienna; and emigration to the United States. Mrs. S. discusses her husband's emotional problems; her career; difficulty sharing her experiences because of her family losses; and the importance of emotional support from her children and grandchildren.