Jakub R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2984) interviewed by Jean-Michel Chaumont and Rina Margos
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1992
- Interview Date
- May 27, 1992.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Jakub R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2984). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Jakub R., who was born in 1926 in Łódź, Poland. He describes his father's active participation in the Bund; good personal relations with Germans and Poles despite public, antisemitic incidents; German invasion in September 1939; synagogue burnings and round-ups; formation of the Judenrat headed by Mordecai Rumkowski; ghettoization in spring 1940; belonging to a group which tried to sabotage work done for Germans; his father's death; relationships between national groups; hiding during round-ups; deportation with his family to Birkenau as part of a Siemens factory; seeing prisoners pray on Yom Kippur; obtaining extra food from a prisoner in Canada Kommando; bringing food and clothing to his mother and sister (they did not survive); transfer with his brother to Lieberose in October 1944; help from German political prisoners after a severe beating; his brother's transfer (he never saw him again); a death march to Sachsenhausen; transfer to Mauthausen, then Gusen; and liberation by United States troops. Mr R. discusses the importance of hope, luck, and sociability to his survival; relations between ethnic and political groups in the ghetto and camps; and his overwhelming sadness at liberation upon realizing he was alone.