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Arthur H. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2999) interviewed by Yannis Thanassekos and Elisabeth Inchusta,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2999

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Arthur H., a non-Jew, who was born in Angleur, Belgium in 1913. He recalls his happy childhood; socialist activities; working as a journalist; marriage; his daughter's birth; German invasion; fleeing to Poitiers, then Toulouse; returning home in August; participating in the socialist Resistance; traveling to Paris as part of the Resistance; surrendering to save his family from arrest after a colleague was caught with his name; incarceration in St. Gilles; transfer to another prison where nuns assisted him; deportation to Mauthausen as a “Nacht und Nebel” prisoner; witnessing a guard strangling a Jewish prisoner; transfer to Dachau three months later; a friend obtaining a privileged position for him first as a cleaner and then as a head nurse; rivalries between communists and socialists; becoming the "representative" of Belgian prisoners; arranging with a camp official to share Red Cross packages with non-Belgian prisoners; undergoing a medical experiment; homosexuality among prisoners; liberation in April 1945; repatriation in June; his daughter not recognizing him; and attending Nuremberg and other war crime trials. Mr. H. discusses his relationship with Hendrik de Man; the importance to his survival of luck and a will to live; his relatively easy experience in Dachau; prisoners' loss of self identity in camps; the limitations of testimony since one can only convey one's own experiences and perceptions of them; nightmares resulting from his experiences; years of strained relations with his daughter; and writing poetry about his experiences.
    Author/Creator
    H., Arthur, 1913-
    Published
    Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1994
    Interview Date
    February 23, 1994.
    Locale
    Belgium
    Angleur (Belgium)
    Poitiers (France)
    Toulouse (France)
    Paris (France)
    Cite As
    Arthur H. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2999). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Thanassekos, Yannis, interviewer.
    Inchusta, Elisabeth, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in French.
    Related publication: Dachau / Arthur Haulot. -- Brussels, Belgium : East-Ouest, c1945.

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (4 hr., 37 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Resistance.
    Mutual aid.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Subjects
    Video tapes. Men. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Belgian. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Belgium. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. Concentration camp inmates. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Forced labor. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Human experimentation in medicine. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Homosexuality. Nightmares. War crime trials. Nuremberg War Crime Trials, Nuremberg, Germany, 1946-1949. Belgium. Angleur (Belgium) Poitiers (France) Toulouse (France) Paris (France) Oral histories (document genres) H., Arthur,--1913- Man, Hendrik de,--1885-1953. Mauthausen (Concentration camp) Dachau (Concentration camp) International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4290022
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:44:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4290022

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