Tomasz M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3160) interviewed by Michel Sobelman
- Warsaw, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- July 9, 1994.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Tomasz M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3160). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Tomasz M., who was born in Poland in 1928. In a detailed and reflective testimony, he recalls relations among national groups during his childhood in Horodenka; Ukrainian nationalism; Soviet occupation in September 1939; Hungarian, then German, occupation in 1941; antisemitic violence by locals; ghettoization; hiding during round-ups after warnings from a German policeman; a mass killing including his mother, two younger brothers (one escaped), and grandparents; his brother's return due to help from Ukrainians; transfer to the Kolomyi︠a︡ ghetto in August 1942; starvation; round-ups organized by the Judenrat; his father's beating by a Ukrainian (Mr. M. testified against him in a postwar war trial); his elder brother's escape (he never saw him again); deportation with his younger brother; their escape from the train; reaching the Lv́ov ghetto; his transfer to Janowska; escaping to rejoin his brother; escaping from the ghetto; receiving food and shelter from a Polish woman in Stanislav; entering the Kolomyi︠a︡ ghetto in October 1942; escaping to Tolstoye (presently Tovste); recovering from typhus; working in a labor camp; help from a Ukrainian farmer; liberation by Soviet troops; and moving to Poland. Mr. M. discusses recurring nightmares, and Ukrainian nationalist groups, including the Banderas.