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Tomasz M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3160) interviewed by Michel Sobelman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3160

Videotape testimony of Tomasz M., who was born in Poland in 1928. In a detailed and reflective testimony, he recalls relations among national groups during his childhood in Horodenka; Ukrainian nationalism; Soviet occupation in September 1939; Hungarian, then German, occupation in 1941; antisemitic violence by locals; ghettoization; hiding during round-ups after warnings from a German policeman; a mass killing including his mother, two younger brothers (one escaped), and grandparents; his brother's return due to help from Ukrainians; transfer to the Kolomyi︠a︡ ghetto in August 1942; starvation; round-ups organized by the Judenrat; his father's beating by a Ukrainian (Mr. M. testified against him in a postwar war trial); his elder brother's escape (he never saw him again); deportation with his younger brother; their escape from the train; reaching the Lv́ov ghetto; his transfer to Janowska; escaping to rejoin his brother; escaping from the ghetto; receiving food and shelter from a Polish woman in Stanislav; entering the Kolomyi︠a︡ ghetto in October 1942; escaping to Tolstoye (presently Tovste); recovering from typhus; working in a labor camp; help from a Ukrainian farmer; liberation by Soviet troops; and moving to Poland. Mr. M. discusses recurring nightmares, and Ukrainian nationalist groups, including the Banderas.

Author/Creator
M., Tomasz, 1928-
Published
Warsaw, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
Interview Date
July 9, 1994.
Language
Polish
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tomasz M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3160). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4290833
Record last modified: 2014-01-14 15:37:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4290833