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Teresa P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3161) interviewed by Anka Grupinska

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3161

Videotape testimony of Teresa P., a non-Jew, who was born in Zapusta, Poland in 1921. She describes her family's estate; attending a convent boarding school in Warsaw; no contact with Jews; German invasion; expropriation of their estate; moving to Warsaw; befriending a Jewish woman; ghettoization in October 1940; clandestine visits to her friend in the ghetto; smuggling in food and medicine; persuading her friend to leave the ghetto; smuggling her out using another friend's document; finding housing and jobs for her; finding a Jewish child in the street; hiding her in a convent; hiding a Jewish man, her brother's underground (Armia Krajowa) colleague, in her home in Skolimów (Konstancin-Jeziorna); and her brother's execution for underground activities (A.K.). Ms. P. discusses Polish underground groups, especially Armia Krajowa, helping Jews; various Polish attitudes toward Nazi treatment of Jews; Polish collaborators; Poles who helped Jews, risking the death penalty; media reporting of Jewish suffering; limited knowledge of the extermination camps during the war; Jewish fighters in the underground; the ghetto uprising in 1943; the Warsaw uprising in 1944; specific crimes of some Polish underground members; and Polish-Jewish relations. She reflects on the moral implications of choices people made during the war.

Author/Creator
P., Teresa, 1921-
Published
Warsaw, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
Interview Date
July 9, 1994.
Language
Polish
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Teresa P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3161). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4290837
Record last modified: 2014-01-14 15:37:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4290837