Helena B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3164) interviewed by Michel Sobelman
- Warsaw, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- July 10, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Helena B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3164). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Helena B., a non-Jew, who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1920. She recalls her family's history of socialist activism; cordial relations with assimilated Jews; friendship with a girl from a Hasidic family; her father's open opposition to antisemitism resulting in his job termination; German invasion; humiliating treatment of Jews by German soldiers; visiting friends in the ghetto; observing starving children, corpses on the street, and lack of sanitation; providing shelter for Jews, some of whom were later arrested and killed; her parents, fearing informants, sending her to Dęblin; membership in Związek Walki Młodych (a leftist organization); assisting the ZOB (Jewish Fighting Organization) during the ghetto uprising; providing shelter, false papers, and medical care to her Jewish friend when she was wounded; her father's arrest; connecting her Jewish friends with Armia Ludowa; losing an arm during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944; liberation; and hospitalization in Kraków. Mrs. B. discusses differences between assimilated and observant Jews; maintaining contacts with her friends in Israel; harassment by Communist security police due to her Israeli contacts; and receiving the "Righteous Among Nations" medal in Israel in 1985. Mrs. B. discusses her book and many leaders of the ZOB.