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Helena B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3164) interviewed by Michel Sobelman,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3164

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Helena B., a non-Jew, who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1920. She recalls her family's history of socialist activism; cordial relations with assimilated Jews; friendship with a girl from a Hasidic family; her father's open opposition to antisemitism resulting in his job termination; German invasion; humiliating treatment of Jews by German soldiers; visiting friends in the ghetto; observing starving children, corpses on the street, and lack of sanitation; providing shelter for Jews, some of whom were later arrested and killed; her parents, fearing informants, sending her to Dęblin; membership in Związek Walki Młodych (a leftist organization); assisting the ZOB (Jewish Fighting Organization) during the ghetto uprising; providing shelter, false papers, and medical care to her Jewish friend when she was wounded; her father's arrest; connecting her Jewish friends with Armia Ludowa; losing an arm during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944; liberation; and hospitalization in Kraków. Mrs. B. discusses differences between assimilated and observant Jews; maintaining contacts with her friends in Israel; harassment by Communist security police due to her Israeli contacts; and receiving the "Righteous Among Nations" medal in Israel in 1985. Mrs. B. discusses her book and many leaders of the ZOB.
    Author/Creator
    B., Helena, 1920-
    Published
    Warsaw, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
    Interview Date
    July 10, 1994.
    Locale
    Poland
    Warsaw
    Warsaw (Poland)
    Dęblin (Warsaw, Poland)
    Kraków (Poland)
    Cite As
    Helena B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3164). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Sobelman, Michel, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Polish.
    Related publication: Mur miał dwie strony / Helena Balicka-Kozłowska. -- Warszawa : Wydawn. Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej, c1958.
    Related publication: Memoirs of a Warsaw Ghetto fighter : the past within me / Simha Rotem (Kazik); translated from the Hebrew by Barbara Harshav. -- New Haven : Yale University Press, c1994.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Polish
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 30 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Aid by non-Jews.
    False papers.
    Antisemitism Postwar.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Hiding.
    Partisans.
    Postwar experiences.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4290887
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:44:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4290887

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