Krystyna B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3168) interviewed by Barbara Engelking-Boni
- Warsaw, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- July 13, 1994.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Krystyna B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3168). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Krystyna B., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1932, the youngest of eight children. Ms. B. recounts her parents' orthodoxy; vacations in Otwock; German invasion; ghettoization; hiding during round-ups; her brothers financially supporting them by building hiding places for others; one brother surrendering himself and family because his young children might expose others in hiding; her brother Rafael's marriage in 1941; deportation with his wife; his escape and return; his construction and provisioning a bunker connected to the sewer system; retreating to the bunker on April 19, 1943; three brothers fighting briefly in the ghetto uprising; marriage of one brother in the bunker; retreating to the sewers when fires were set above them; listening to a radio; establishing outside contacts when they had no more food; assistance from a Pole; Rafael's departure when he became ill; discovery of the bunker; her youngest brother leading them through the sewers; two brothers being killed; rescue from the sewers with her sister-in-law and youngest brother (her sister remained with her parents and they died); joining Rafael in hiding; her youngest brother's death from infection; Yitzhak (Antek) Zuckerman bringing Rafael a gun; Rafael's departure (she never saw him again); assistance from the underground hiding with non-Jewish Poles; receiving false papers; the 1944 Warsaw Uprising; evacuation to Pruszków; placement in a Catholic orphanage where other Jewish children were hidden; the orphanage moving to Grodzisk Mazowiecki; and liberation by Soviet troops. Ms. B. discusses her converion to Catholicism; her strong sense of Jewish and Polish identities; nightmares that diminished with time; wondering why she was the sole survivor of her family; continuing contact with her sister-in-law and some of her rescuers; visits to Israel; and leadership in a child survivors organization.