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Hedva Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3200) interviewed by Anita Tarsi and Rachel Jadaio

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3200

Videotape testimony of Hedva Z., who was born in Mariánské Lázně, Czechoslovakia. She recounts living in Jasło, then Przemyśl; attending university in Lʹviv; antisemitic harassment; working as a nurse in Kolomyi︠a︡; marriage in December 1939; living in Kosiv; Soviet occupation; confiscation of her husband's businesses; moving to Kolomyi︠a︡; German invasion; mass killings; sheltering orphaned children; ghettoization; supervising an orphanage; a former maid smuggling food to them; hiding the children during round-ups; assistance from the head of the Judenrat, Mordecai Horowitz; her parents' deportation (she never saw them again); most of the children in the orphanage being killed; obtaining false papers with assistance from her husband's German supervisor; escaping with his help; hiding in Osmolda; interdiction at the Hungarian border; imprisonment in Ivano-Frankivsʹk; posing as non-Jews; transfer with her husband to a camp in Lʹviv, then to Majdanek in March 1943; assignment to a privileged position as a translator; continuing to pose as a non-Jew; helping others through her position, including altering selection lists; being shot when she was feeding a Jewish child (the child and his mother were killed in front of her); hospitalization; performances by a friend who was a professional singer; release with assistance from a Polish organization, the Red Cross, and a Wehrmacht officer; living in Lʹviv; reunion with her husband after his release; moving to Lublin; working with her husband (they posed as cousins); assisting the underground; sending notes and food to friends in Majdanek with assistance from a German officer; liberation by Soviet troops; working as a journalist; testifying at trials of Majdanek officials; reunion with an uncle; moving to Łódź; her daughter's birth; moving to Jelenia Góra; her son's birth; and emigration with her family to Israel via Italy in 1950. Ms. Z. notes testifying against Hermine Braunsteiner and Hildegard Lachert, Majdanek officials, at trials in Düsseldorf.

Author/Creator
Z., Hedva.
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
March 5, 1991.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Hedva Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3200). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4290995
Record last modified: 2015-06-16 13:14:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4290995