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Hedva Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3200) interviewed by Anita Tarsi and Rachel Jadaio,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3200

Videotape testimony of Hedva Z., who was born in Mariánské Lázně, Czechoslovakia. She recounts living in Jasło, then Przemyśl; attending university in Lʹviv; antisemitic harassment; working as a nurse in Kolomyi︠a︡; marriage in December 1939; living in Kosiv; Soviet occupation; confiscation of her husband's businesses; moving to Kolomyi︠a︡; German invasion; mass killings; sheltering orphaned children; ghettoization; supervising an orphanage; a former maid smuggling food to them; hiding the children during round-ups; assistance from the head of the Judenrat, Mordecai Horowitz; her parents' deportation (she never saw them again); most of the children in the orphanage being killed; obtaining false papers with assistance from her husband's German supervisor; escaping with his help; hiding in Osmolda; interdiction at the Hungarian border; imprisonment in Ivano-Frankivsʹk; posing as non-Jews; transfer with her husband to a camp in Lʹviv, then to Majdanek in March 1943; assignment to a privileged position as a translator; continuing to pose as a non-Jew; helping others through her position, including altering selection lists; being shot when she was feeding a Jewish child (the child and his mother were killed in front of her); hospitalization; performances by a friend who was a professional singer; release with assistance from a Polish organization, the Red Cross, and a Wehrmacht officer; living in Lʹviv; reunion with her husband after his release; moving to Lublin; working with her husband (they posed as cousins); assisting the underground; sending notes and food to friends in Majdanek with assistance from a German officer; liberation by Soviet troops; working as a journalist; testifying at trials of Majdanek officials; reunion with an uncle; moving to Łódź; her daughter's birth; moving to Jelenia Góra; her son's birth; and emigration with her family to Israel via Italy in 1950. Ms. Z. notes testifying against Hermine Braunsteiner and Hildegard Lachert, Majdanek officials, at trials in Düsseldorf.

Z., Hedva.
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
March 5, 1991.
Mariánské Lázně (Czech Republic)
Jasło (Poland)
Przemyśl (Poland)
Lʹviv (Ukraine)
Kolomyi︠a︡ (Ukraine)
Kosiv (Ukraine)
Ivano-Frankivsʹk (Ukraine)
Osmoloda (Ukraine)
Lublin (Poland)
Łódź (Poland)
Jelenia Góra (Poland)
Düsseldorf (Germany)
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Hedva Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3200). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:31:00
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