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Pawel K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3218) interviewed by Annette Wieviorka and Jacques Burko

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3218

Videotape testimony of Pawel K., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1919, the youngest of four children. Mr. K. recalls attending a private school; his father's death in 1937; antisemitic harassment; participating in Betar; enlisting in the Polish military in 1939; German invasion; traveling to Warsaw; Polish surrender; brief incarceration as a POW; returning to Łódź; one brother fleeing east; posing as a non-Jew to assist his mother and sister; joining his brother in Soviet-occupied Białystok (he never saw his mother again); moving to Slonim; German invasion in June 1941; brief incarceration with Soviet prisoners of war; returning to Białystok; learning of mass killings; joining an anti-fascist movement; ghettoization; obtaining false papers as a non-Jew; digging a bunker to install a clandestine radio; circulating a bulletin; escaping to join partisans in the forest in 1942; smuggling weapons to the ghetto; helping others escape; his brother and sister-in-law joining him; armed encounters with Germans; avoiding Armia Krajowa (they were killing Jews); saving escapees from deportation trains; absorption into a Soviet brigade in 1944; demobilization in Hrodna; returning to Białystok; living in Lublin, then Łódź; traveling to Vienna to bring cousins from Gusen; returning to school; earning his doctorate degree; working in a university history faculty; anti-Zionist criticism of his books in 1967; expulsion from the Communist Party; moving to Paris, then Israel; returning to Paris; and obtaining French citizenship. Mr. K. notes all his siblings survived, and the importance of being able to pass as a non-Jew to his survival.

Author/Creator
K., Pawel, 1919-
Published
Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1995
Interview Date
January 13, 1995.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Pawel K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3218). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.