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Marcel S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3230) interviewed by Henri Borlant,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3230

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Marcel S., who was born in Boulogne-Billancourt, France in 1913, one of five children. He recalls his father's rabbinical career; becoming a rabbi (as did his younger brother), a dentist, and an engineer; his father's death in 1934; organizing boycotts of German goods; serving in the French army; July 1940 demobilization in Châteauroux; living in Lyon with his wife and son; termination of his job because he was Jewish; hiding; Maquis activities in Brénod; arrest with his wife in Lyon in August 1943; incarceration in Montluc prison; torture by Klaus Barbie; transfer with his wife to Drancy; deportation to Auschwitz in October 1943; transfer to Buna/Monowitz; slave labor; a privileged job as secretary in the infirmary; resistance organization within the camp; beatings resulting in permanent disability; group sabotage of the work; public hanging of his wife's cousin and escapees; learning his wife and brother had been killed; a death march to Gleiwitz in January 1945; transport in open train cars to Oranienburg; Czechs throwing them food from overpasses; transfer to Flossenbürg and Regensburg as punishment for helping other prisoners; his privileged position as a secretary leading to helping others; a death march to Dachau; liberation by United States troops; repatriation to Paris; reunion with his son; remarriage; and the births of two more children. Mr. S. discusses group relations in the camps; his passionate Jewish faith; sharing his experiences with his children; and visiting Auschwitz to convince the Carmelite nuns to relocate.
    Author/Creator
    S., Marcel, 1913-
    Published
    Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1995
    Interview Date
    March 30, 1995.
    Locale
    France
    Boulogne-Billancourt (France)
    Châteauroux (France)
    Lyon (France)
    Brénod (France)
    Paris (France)
    Cite As
    Marcel S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3230). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Borlant, Henri, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in French.

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 2 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Hiding.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Concentration camps Underground movements.
    Postwar effects.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Mutual aid.
    Resistance.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, French. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--France. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, French. Forced labor. Husband and wife. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Sabotage. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Faith. Death marches. France. Boulogne-Billancourt (France) Châteauroux (France) Lyon (France) Brénod (France) Paris (France) Oral histories (document genres) S., Marcel,--1913- Barbie, Klaus,--1913-1991. Montluc (Prison : France) Drancy (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Oranienburg (Concentration camp) Flossenbürg (Concentration camp) Dachau (Concentration camp) Monowitz (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291061
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:26:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4291061

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