Ann F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3240) interviewed by Margalith Shlain and Yapha Barent
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
- Interview Date
- May 6, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ann F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3240). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ann F., who was born in Panevėžys, Lithuania in 1918, one of ten children. She recalls her family's orthodoxy; her father's charitable giving; antisemitic violence; two older brothers emigrating to South Africa; joining a married sister in Kaunas; Soviet occupation; marriage to a cellist in February 1940; her daughter's birth; German invasion; mass killings by Lithuanians, then Germans; ghettoization; an abortion in 1942 since Jewish women were forbidden to bear children; a non-Jewish neighbor hiding them during a round-up; starvation; deportations of many relatives; her husband's refusal to join the Jewish police; their round-up in October 1943; separation from her husband and daughter; deportation to Vaivara; a friendship with Tamara, with whom she stayed throughout the war; lesbian advances from a German prisoner; slave labor sorting clothing of murdered Jews; finding her daughter's coat; transfer to Goldfilz; encountering her husband there; his transfer when officials learned they were married; slave labor felling trees in Ereda; transfer to Stutthof, then Ochsenzoll; slave labor in a munitions factory; a German providing extra food that she and Tamara shared with sick prisoners; conducting a Passover seder; transfer to Bergen-Belsen; liberation in April 1945; learning her husband had not survived; Tamara giving her hope when she lost her will to live; working as a translator for Josef Rosensaft, the head of the displaced persons camp Jewish Committee, and for the British; living in Gifhorn; David Ben-Gurion's visit; moving to London; joining her brothers in Johannesburg; remarriage; emigration to Israel with her husband and stepdaughter; the births of two children; and volunteer work in Hadassah hospital and Yad Vashem. Ms. F. discusses guilt resulting from her harsh treatment of her daughter immediately prior to their separation; her brothers' and other Jews' lack of interest in her experiences when she felt compelled to relate them after the war; her children and husband finding them too painful to hear; her determination to convey her experiences to anyone who will listen; and continuing friendship with Tamara and other fellow-survivors.