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Maria G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3267) interviewed by Pinchas Agmon and B.M. Zabarko

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3267

Videotape testimony of Maria G., who was born in Zhornishche, Ukraine in 1928. She recalls her family's move to Kiev in 1934 due to the famine; attending a Ukrainian school; German invasion in 1941; her father's draft; German occupation in September; the order for all Jews to assemble on Melnikov Square on September 29; losing her mother and younger siblings en route to Babi Yar; watching the shooting of all Jews; her terror and fear; moving out of line with her neighbor's daughter; pretending to be Ukrainian sisters, with assistance from a Ukrainian translator; hiding with their Ukrainian neighbor, Olga R.; obtaining false papers with help from Olga and another neighbor; fearing exposure, fleeing to Kharkiv, posing as non-Jews; joining Soviet troops; marriage, and eventual reunion with her father in Kiev. Mrs. G. discusses the importance of help from non-Jews; her continuing emotional trauma and illnesses resulting from her experiences, including nightmares; bearing these memories in silence for fifty-three years due to Soviet policy; and the impossibility of describing the horror of the massacre. Part of the testimony is recorded at her hiding place and Babi Yar, as Mrs. G. reconstructs her experiences.

Author/Creator
G., Maria, 1928-
Published
Kiev, Ukraine : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
Interview Date
August 2, 1994.
Language
Russian
Copies
3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Maria G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3267). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291170
Record last modified: 2013-12-13 16:23:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4291170