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Simon B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3443) interviewed by Henri Borlant and Rachel Wieviorka

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3443

Videotape testimony of Simon B., who was born in the Soviet Union (now Estonia) in 1920. He recounts his family's emigration to France in 1922; growing up in Courbevoie; his bar mitzvah; his mother's death in 1934; military draft in 1940; German invasion; demobilization; staying in a youth camp near Cluny for eight months; moving to Paris; arrest in August 1942; internment in Drancy; transfer to Pithiviers, Beaune-la-Rolande, then back to Drancy; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in September 1942; hospitalization in December; assistance from a non-Jewish nurse; a privileged assignment in the laundry; transfer to Golleschau; slave labor in a cement factory; return to Auschwitz, transfer to another camp, then back to Birkenau; becoming an assistant kapo; transfer to Warsaw; slave labor clearing ghetto rubble; collecting and burning corpses daily, including executed Polish prisoners from Pawiak prison; Polish civilians throwing stones at them; a public hanging; a death march to Kutno, then train transport to Dachau in July 1944; transfer to Waldlager, then Mühldorf; his privileged kitchen position; liberation by United States troops in April 1945; transport to Feldafing; repatriation via Mulhouse to Hotel Lutetia in Paris; living in Aix-en-Provence, then in Tunis for two years; returning to Paris; and continuing contact with camp friends (he names many). Mr. B. discusses relations among prisoner groups; the importance of luck to his survival; and changing his perspective on life due to his experiences.

Author/Creator
B., Simon, 1920-
Published
Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1996
Interview Date
February 2, 1996.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Simon B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3443). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291714
Record last modified: 2016-04-18 13:38:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4291714