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Simon B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3443) interviewed by Henri Borlant and Rachel Wieviorka,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3443

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Simon B., who was born in the Soviet Union (now Estonia) in 1920. He recounts his family's emigration to France in 1922; growing up in Courbevoie; his bar mitzvah; his mother's death in 1934; military draft in 1940; German invasion; demobilization; staying in a youth camp near Cluny for eight months; moving to Paris; arrest in August 1942; internment in Drancy; transfer to Pithiviers, Beaune-la-Rolande, then back to Drancy; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in September 1942; hospitalization in December; assistance from a non-Jewish nurse; a privileged assignment in the laundry; transfer to Golleschau; slave labor in a cement factory; return to Auschwitz, transfer to another camp, then back to Birkenau; becoming an assistant kapo; transfer to Warsaw; slave labor clearing ghetto rubble; collecting and burning corpses daily, including executed Polish prisoners from Pawiak prison; Polish civilians throwing stones at them; a public hanging; a death march to Kutno, then train transport to Dachau in July 1944; transfer to Waldlager, then Mühldorf; his privileged kitchen position; liberation by United States troops in April 1945; transport to Feldafing; repatriation via Mulhouse to Hotel Lutetia in Paris; living in Aix-en-Provence, then in Tunis for two years; returning to Paris; and continuing contact with camp friends (he names many). Mr. B. discusses relations among prisoner groups; the importance of luck to his survival; and changing his perspective on life due to his experiences.
    Author/Creator
    B., Simon, 1920-
    Published
    Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1996
    Interview Date
    February 2, 1996.
    Locale
    Russia
    Paris (France)
    Courbevoie (France)
    Cluny (France)
    Kutno (Poland)
    Mulhouse (France)
    Aix-en-Provence (France)
    Tunis (Tunisia)
    Cite As
    Simon B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3443). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Borlant, Henri, interviewer.
    Wieviorka, Rachel, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in French.

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 42 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar effects.
    Postwar experiences.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Bar mitzvah. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, French. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. Forced labor. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Death marches. Refugee camps. Russia. Paris (France) Courbevoie (France) Cluny (France) Kutno (Poland) Mulhouse (France) Aix-en-Provence (France) Tunis (Tunisia) Oral histories (document genres) B., Simon,--1920- Drancy (Concentration camp) Pithiviers (Concentration camp) Beaune-la-Rolande (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Konzentrationslager Warschau. Pawiak (Prison) Dachau (Concentration camp) Mühldorf (Concentration camp) Waldlager V (Concentration camp) Feldafing (Displaced persons camp) Hotel Lutetia (Paris, France)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291714
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:47:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4291714

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