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Henri M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3449) interviewed by Rachel Wieviorka and Josette Zarka

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3449

Videotape testimony of Henri M., a non-Jew, who was born in Saverne, France in 1920. He recalls attending school with Jews; his family's strong French patriotism; learning German in Berlin; studying in Strasbourg and Nancy; German invasion; military draft in June 1940; capture; escape from a POW center; traveling to Paris and Dijon; living in Saverne; studying in Heidelberg; arrest and escape; returning clandestinely to France with the help of French and Austrian Resistance members; studying law in Clermont-Ferrand; anti-Petain sentiments among students; Resistance work in the unoccupied zone; arrest for crossing the demarcation line; brief incarceration and release; arrest with other students in November 1943; Gestapo interrogation; transfer to Compiègne in March 1944; a friend's death sentence; deportation to Auschwitz in April; friendship with a Jewish prisoner; transfer to Buchenwald in May, then to Flossenbürg in March 1945; hospitalization; a death march in April; liberation by United States troops; staying in Cham; returning to Saverne; reunion with his parents; and completing his studies. Mr. M. notes the importance to his survival of speaking fluent German; the quick formation of fast and deep friendships in camps; the suffering of Jews; and compensation and medals received from the French government.

Author/Creator
M., Henri, 1920-
Published
Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1996
Interview Date
January 31, 1996.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Henri M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3449). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.