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Karol P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3451) interviewed by Henri Borlant and Berthe Burko-Falcman,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3451

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Karol P., who was born in Będzin, Poland in 1931, one of seven children. He recalls summers with his paternal grandparents in Wodzisław; antisemitic harassment in public school; German invasion in 1939; round-up with his family; escaping with his sister; her deportation (none of his family survived); imprisonment; escape with assistance from a Polish inmate; entering the ghetto in 1943; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; escaping the group selected for death; a privileged assignment as a messenger; receiving a tailored uniform; assignment to the privileged prisoners' barrack; assisting his uncle; punishment for refusing to beat prisoners; assistance from Desire H. when he was ill; receiving extra food from Simon G.; Jack K. saving many prisoners from death through his office position; a death march; incarceration in other camps including Mauthausen; liberation from Melk by United States troops in May 1945; helping kill an SS soldier; U.S. soldiers caring for him and providing a military uniform; abandonment in France by a U.S. soldier who had promised to adopt him; living in an OSE orphanage; placement with a couple in Paris who wanted to adopt him; refusing adoption in order to continue his family name; attending school; military service in Algeria; marriage; and establishing a business. Mr. P. discusses emotional issues and nightmares resulting from his experiences; willing himself to forget and not discussing his experiences until now; the importance of his will to live and precocity to his survival; losing his belief in God in the camps; and continuing contact with the uncle he helped in Birkenau.
    Author/Creator
    P., Karol, 1931-
    Published
    Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1996
    Interview Date
    January 23, 1996.
    Locale
    Poland
    Będzin
    France
    Będzin (Poland)
    Wodzisław (Poland)
    Paris (France)
    Algeria
    Cite As
    Karol P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3451). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Burko-Falcman, Berthe, interviewer.
    Borlant, Henri, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in French.
    Related material: Desire H. Holocaust testimony [friend](HVT-2095), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Simon G. Holocaust testimony [friend](HVT-3445), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Jack K. Holocaust testimony [friend](HVT-3257), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (3 hr., 30 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Mutual aid.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar effects.
    Postwar experiences.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291737
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:33:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4291737

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