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Anica D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3580) interviewed by Jaša Almuli

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3580

Videotape testimony of Anica D., who was born in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia in 1924. She recalls her family's orthodoxy; a large, extended family; membership in Hashomer Hatzair; leftist political leanings; cordial relations with non-Jews; not emigrating to Palestine due to financial constraints; German invasion; anti-Jewish laws and violence by the Ustaša; her uncle's summary execution; her father's arrest (he did not return); a Muslim man taking her to Italian-occupied Mostar to join her aunts; learning her mother and sister were betrayed during their escape attempt (they perished at Jasenovac); distributing resistance pamphlets; deportation by the Italians to Lopud; benign incarceration in hotels; transfer to Rab; joining SKOJ; nursing training; Italian capitulation; prisoners forming a Slovenian and a Jewish resistance battalion; assignment to the Slovenian unit in Mašun as a medic; the strain of many battles with inadequate food; resting briefly in Gerovo; joining a Croatian unit; retreating during a German offensive; liberation in Gorski kotar; and returning to Sarajevo in 1946. Ms. D. discusses finding most non-Jews unwilling or unable to provide assistance; the deaths of most of her relatives; working as a teacher; marriage; her son's birth; visiting Israel; and her son's emigration to Canada due to the Balkan conflict. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
D., Anica, 1924-
Published
Belgrade, Serbia : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
Interview Date
May 30, 1996.
Copies
3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Anica D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3580). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.