Hugo R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3591) interviewed by Jaša Almuli
- Belgrade, Serbia : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
- Interview Date
- May 20, 1996.
- 3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Hugo R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3591). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Hugo R., who was born in Ruma, Yugoslavia in 1926. He recalls participating in Hashomer Hatzair; cordial relations with multi-ethnic non-Jews; moving to Novi Sad in 1938; Hungarian occupation; not attending school due to anti-Jewish quotas; expulsion as non-Hungarians; living with his parents, grandmother, and sister in the Fruska Mountains; assistance from a Serb villager; returning to Ruma; brief imprisonment by the Ustaša; obtaining false papers as non-Jews; returning to Novi Sad; escaping the mass killing in January 1942 due to their false papers; German occupation in 1944; hiding with non-Jews during Arrow Cross round-ups; his father's deportation; deportation with his remaining family to Subotica, Baja, then Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from his family; remaining with two friends; transfer to Buchenwald, Gleina, Tröglitz, and Rehmsdorf; slave labor in a quarry, then a Braunkohle Benzin AG (Brabag) factory; Allied bombings; returning to Buchenwald; planning an escape with political prisoners; a death march to Theresienstadt; Czech locals throwing food to them en route; liberation by Soviet troops; hospitalization; returning to Novi Sad in June 1945; reunion with his sister, the only other family survivor; attending medical school; and expulsion and imprisonment in Goli for over two years for supposed anti-government criticism. Mr. R. discusses the importance of friends to his survival; participating in the Jewish community; becoming a psychologist; and his marriages and children.