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Hugo R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3591) interviewed by Jaša Almuli

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3591

Videotape testimony of Hugo R., who was born in Ruma, Yugoslavia in 1926. He recalls participating in Hashomer Hatzair; cordial relations with multi-ethnic non-Jews; moving to Novi Sad in 1938; Hungarian occupation; not attending school due to anti-Jewish quotas; expulsion as non-Hungarians; living with his parents, grandmother, and sister in the Fruska Mountains; assistance from a Serb villager; returning to Ruma; brief imprisonment by the Ustaša; obtaining false papers as non-Jews; returning to Novi Sad; escaping the mass killing in January 1942 due to their false papers; German occupation in 1944; hiding with non-Jews during Arrow Cross round-ups; his father's deportation; deportation with his remaining family to Subotica, Baja, then Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from his family; remaining with two friends; transfer to Buchenwald, Gleina, Tröglitz, and Rehmsdorf; slave labor in a quarry, then a Braunkohle Benzin AG (Brabag) factory; Allied bombings; returning to Buchenwald; planning an escape with political prisoners; a death march to Theresienstadt; Czech locals throwing food to them en route; liberation by Soviet troops; hospitalization; returning to Novi Sad in June 1945; reunion with his sister, the only other family survivor; attending medical school; and expulsion and imprisonment in Goli for over two years for supposed anti-government criticism. Mr. R. discusses the importance of friends to his survival; participating in the Jewish community; becoming a psychologist; and his marriages and children.

Author/Creator
R., Hugo, 1926-
Published
Belgrade, Serbia : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
Interview Date
May 20, 1996.
Locale
Serbia
Subotica (Subotica)
Yugoslavia
Croatia
Goli Island
Ruma (Serbia)
Novi Sad (Serbia)
Fruška Mountains (Serbia)
Baja (Hungary)
Belgrade (Serbia)
Copies
3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Hugo R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3591). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291895
Record last modified: 2018-05-29 11:58:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4291895