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Hugo R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3591) interviewed by Jaša Almuli,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3591

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Hugo R., who was born in Ruma, Yugoslavia in 1926. He recalls participating in Hashomer Hatzair; cordial relations with multi-ethnic non-Jews; moving to Novi Sad in 1938; Hungarian occupation; not attending school due to anti-Jewish quotas; expulsion as non-Hungarians; living with his parents, grandmother, and sister in the Fruska Mountains; assistance from a Serb villager; returning to Ruma; brief imprisonment by the Ustaša; obtaining false papers as non-Jews; returning to Novi Sad; escaping the mass killing in January 1942 due to their false papers; German occupation in 1944; hiding with non-Jews during Arrow Cross round-ups; his father's deportation; deportation with his remaining family to Subotica, Baja, then Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from his family; remaining with two friends; transfer to Buchenwald, Gleina, Tröglitz, and Rehmsdorf; slave labor in a quarry, then a Braunkohle Benzin AG (Brabag) factory; Allied bombings; returning to Buchenwald; planning an escape with political prisoners; a death march to Theresienstadt; Czech locals throwing food to them en route; liberation by Soviet troops; hospitalization; returning to Novi Sad in June 1945; reunion with his sister, the only other family survivor; attending medical school; and expulsion and imprisonment in Goli for over two years for supposed anti-government criticism. Mr. R. discusses the importance of friends to his survival; participating in the Jewish community; becoming a psychologist; and his marriages and children.
    Author/Creator
    R., Hugo, 1926-
    Published
    Belgrade, Serbia : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
    Interview Date
    May 20, 1996.
    Locale
    Serbia
    Subotica (Subotica)
    Yugoslavia
    Croatia
    Goli Island
    Ruma (Serbia)
    Novi Sad (Serbia)
    Fruška Mountains (Serbia)
    Baja (Hungary)
    Belgrade (Serbia)
    Cite As
    Hugo R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3591). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Almuli, Jaša, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Serbian.

    Physical Details

    Copies
    3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 40 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Hungarian occupation.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mass killings.
    False papers.
    Hiding.
    Mutual aid.
    Concentration camps Underground movements.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Serbia--Subotica (Subotica) World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, Croatian. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Friendship. Forced labor. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Nightmares. Political persecution--Yugoslavia. Political prisoners--Croatia--Goli Island. Yugoslavia. Ruma (Serbia) Novi Sad (Serbia) Fruška Mountains (Serbia) Baja (Hungary) Belgrade (Serbia) Oral histories (document genres) R., Hugo,--1926- World Hashomer Hatzair. Ustaša, hrvatska revolucionarna organizacija. Nyilaskeresztes Párt. Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Buchenwald (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Tröglitz (Concentration camp) Braunkohle Benzin AG. Theresienstadt (Concentration camp) Litoměřice (Concentration camp) Goli otok (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291895
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:58:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4291895

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