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Klara M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3665) interviewed by Eva Salnerová and Viera Durisova

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3665

Videotape testimony of Klara M., who was born in Dolné Saliby, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1925, the oldest of three children. She recalls her family's orthodoxy; cordial relations with non-Jews; attending a local Catholic school, then high school in Bratislava; Hungarian occupation in 1938; expulsion from school; forced relocation in 1944 to the Galanta, then the Nové Zámky ghetto; deportation to Auschwitz in June; separation from her parents and siblings (she never saw them again); transfer to Allendorf; slave labor in a munitions factory; exposure to chemicals that turned their hair orange (picric acid); Dutch and Yugoslav POWs receiving Red Cross packages; a death march in March 1945; abandonment by the guards; liberation by United States troops; transfer to Kassel, then Plzeň; returning home via Bratislava and Nové Zámky; finding an uncle; non-Jewish neighbors returning her family's belongings; marriage to a survivor in October 1945; moving to Bratislava; and the births of three children. Ms. M. discusses the importance of her group helping each other in camp to their survival; pervasive painful memories of separation from her family; reluctance to share her experiences with her children; and villagers in Dolné Saliby inscribing the names of local Jews murdered in the Holocaust on their church monuments.

Author/Creator
M., Klara, 1925-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
Interview Date
March 12, 1995.
Language
Hungarian
Copies
3 copies: Betacam SP master; 1/2 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Klara M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3665). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4292096
Record last modified: 2016-12-19 14:09:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4292096