Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Joseph B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-331) interviewed by Leatrice Rabinsky,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-331

Videotape testimony of Joseph B., a non-Jew who was born in Stráže, Czechoslovakia in approximately 1921. He recalls attending school in Prague; enlisting in the Czech air force; German annexation; joining the underground; traveling with a group being smuggled to England; hiding in Komárno where a Jewish woman was hiding; bringing her with them; arrest at the Hungarian border; imprisonment in Budapest; release by the underground; traveling to Constanța, then to England; training in Scapa Flow and then an RAF school; flying missions against German planes; being shot down over Germany; arrest in Emden; a year of solitary confinement and torture in Zelenstrasse prison (Nuremberg), then almost another year in Stadelheim prison (Munich); transfer to Dachau; resisting threats of shooting if he did not reveal information; transfer to Buchenwald in November 1943; contact with United States POWs; stripping uniforms from dead non-Jews and supplying them to Jews, which saved their lives; transfer to another camp; forced labor in an airplane factory; a Belgian partisan supplying him and another prisoner with false papers and civilian clothing; escaping on December 28, 1944; returning to England; joining Allied forces in Germany to get revenge; reunion with his parents after the war; a Czech diplomatic appointment in Munich; remaining after Czechoslovakia became communist; emigrating to the United States; marriage to an American; and serving in Korea. Mr. B. discusses sharing his experiences with his wife and children; speaking at schools; a recent RAF reunion; and visiting Dachau and Buchenwald. He shows photographs and documents.

Author/Creator
B., Joseph, 1921?-
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
August 24, 1984.
Locale
Czech Republic
Germany
Stráže (Czechoslovakia)
Czechoslovakia
Prague (Czech Republic)
Komárno (Západoslovenský kraj, Slovakia)
Budapest (Hungary)
Constanța (Romania)
Scapa Flow (Scotland)
Emden (Lower Saxony, Germany)
Munich (Germany)
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Joseph B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-331). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.