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Nina F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-336) interviewed by Sue Danford

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-336

Videotape testimony of Nina F., who was born in Zolochev, Poland (presently Zolochiv, Ukraine), in approximately 1926, the only child in a middle class family. She recalls attending public and Hebrew schools; two month summer vacations with her mother; Soviet occupation in 1939; confiscation of the family business; German invasion in June 1941; confiscation of their valuables; forced labor; ghettoization; her parents obtaining Christian false papers for her; living with a seamstress in Lʹviv; near exposure as a Jew; returning home wanting to be with her family; hiding in a bunker during round-ups; leaving the bunker with her father; being caught and machine gunned in front of a mass grave; falling, but not being injured; climbing out of the grave after dark; finding her mother; working in a forced labor camp; transfer to Lackie; working with her mother as a housekeeper for an SS; their escape; hiding in fields; falling asleep; awaking to find her mother gone (she was killed); going to the family which previously hid her, then to a farmer she knew in Ushnya; hiding in his silo for four months, then a hole under the barn for almost a year; liberation by Soviet troops; concealing her rescuer's identity to shield him from retaliation; learning she was the sole survivor of a family of sixty; traveling to Krakow; marriage; leaving due to antisemitism; living in Munich; assistance from UNRRA and the Joint; emigration to the United States, establishing a business; and raising a family. Ms. F. discuss her nightmares; continuing to help her rescuers; and her love for the United States. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
F., Nina, 1926?-
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
August 23, 1984.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Nina F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-336). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.