Leon F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-339) interviewed by Marilyn Goodman
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- August 2, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Leon F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-339). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Leon F., who was born in Poland in 1917, one of eight children. He recalls his large, extended family; their orthodoxy; working with his father as a shoemaker; antisemitic violence; German invasion in 1939; deportation with his father to Radom; his father being buried alive; escape home; a non-Jewish friend smuggling him into the ghetto; their forced relocation to Zwoleń; deportation to Dęblin, then another camp (he never saw his family again); escaping while digging a mass grave; capture; placement in Budzyń; public hangings; a severe beating; transfer to Majdanek in 1943; working as a shoemaker; his supervisor saving him from a mass killing; transfer to Płaszów, briefly to Auschwitz in August 1944, Mauthausen, then St. Valentin; slave labor in a tank factory; a German foreman saving his life and giving him extra food; Allied bombings; transfer to Ebensee; observing cannibalism; liberation by United States troops; six months' hospitalization; living in a displaced persons camp; assistance from the Joint; returning home; a non-Jewish friend protecting him from antisemitic violence; traveling to Łódź; living in Linz displaced persons camp; marriage; the births of two children; illegal emigration to Palestine; fighting in the 1948 Arab-Israel war; and emigration to the United States in 1959 to join his wife's relatives. Mr. F. notes thinking only about death in camps and not believing he would survive; frequent nightmares; and discussing his experiences with his family and other survivors.