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Max S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-356) interviewed by Donna Yanowitz

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-356

Videotape testimony of Max S., who was born in Drahovo, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in approximately 1924, one of ten children. He recounts leaving school after eighth grade to work; Hungarian occupation; his father's draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; local forced labor; his father's return in 1941; deportation with his parents and siblings, except for two sisters, to Kolomyi︠a︡, Horodenka, then Orinin; three weeks incarceration in a factory; removal for slave labor; staying in a ditch during a mass shooting; a Ukrainian woman helping him escape when the shooting was over (his father and brothers were killed); hiding in Orinin; assistance from local Jews; leaving rather than waiting to be killed; working as a non-Jew on a collective farm in Krasnostavtsy; living with a Ukrainian family; a mass killing of Jews in Orinin (his most painful experience); befriending a German soldier; saving his life, which resulted in protected status; illegally traveling with a Ukrainian group to Bohorodchany; capture by a German; killing him; returning to Drahovo; reunion with his mother and sisters; being taken for slave labor; privileged treatment as a foreman; transfer to Uzhok; saving a worker's life; transfer to Sobrance; saving two escapees by beating them, so they were not executed; escaping in Komárom; living with a farmer in Mudroňovo; joining partisans from Yugoslavia; participating in raids; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home; reunion with two sisters; traveling to Eggenfelden displaced persons camp; marriage; and emigration to the United States, with assistance from the Joint, in 1949. Mr. S. notes the importance of luck and self-confidence to his survival; meeting one of the men he saved at a bar mitzvah; ever-present memories; and sharing his experiences with his son.

Author/Creator
S., Max, 1924?-
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
August 11, 1984.
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Max S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-356). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.