Bella L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-378) interviewed by Sylvia Abrams
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- November 12, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Bella L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-378). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Bella L., who was born in Shyrokyy Luh, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in 1922, one of twelve children. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; older siblings' marriages; attending public school; visiting a sister in Nové Zámky; Hungarian occupation; forced relocation to Budapest because she was not a resident; not being able to return home for nine months; attempts in Budapest to obtain Hungarian papers for her father to prevent his deportation; arrest and incarceration in a Budapest prison in 1943; transfer to a labor camp; working in a knitting factory; assistance from non-Jewish prisoners; transfer to Auschwitz eight months later, then to Gleiwitz after a week; slave labor in a factory from May 1944 to January 1945; a death march, then train transport; escaping; arrest; transfer to prisons in Brno, Prague, and Theresienstadt; someone throwing bread into her cell; liberation by Soviet troops in May; a non-Jewish women identifying herself as the person who had thrown her bread; assistance from the Red Cross and UNRRA; traveling to Prague, Bratislava, and Budapest searching for relatives; living in Prague with her brother-in-law; reunion with three sisters; marriage to a survivor in March 1946; traveling to Germany; emigration to Israel in August 1948; and joining her sisters in the United States in 1957. Ms. L. notes her parents and others siblings were deported to Auschwitz and did not survive; starvation, dehumanization, and humiliation in the camps; and fasting on Yom Kippur in Gleiwitz. She shows a photograph.