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Freda S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-394) interviewed by Stan Garfinkel,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-394

Videotape testimony of Freda S., who was born in Turulung, Romania (presently Ukraine), in approximately 1923, one of six children. She recounts her family's affluence and orthodoxy; attending public school; Hungarian occupation in 1940; anti-Jewish restrictions; expropriation of her father's business; her brother's draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion (she never saw him again); German invasion; non-Jewish neighbors hiding her and her sisters; deportation with her family to the Sevluš (Vynohradiv) ghetto; living with relatives there; deportation four weeks later to Auschwitz/Birkenau; prisoners conveying clandestine instructions to help avoid selection for death; remaining with her sisters; slave labor breaking rocks and cleaning latrines; a non-Jewish prisoner giving her extra food which she shared with her sister; transfer to Görlitz in September 1944; slave labor in a munitions factory; sabotaging the work; punishment for "stealing" potatoes; transfer to a barn for four weeks; returning to Görlitz; liberation by Soviet troops; and a local woman giving them food and shelter.

S., Freda, 1923?-
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
July 11, 1984.
Turulung (Romania)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Freda S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-394). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.