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Lilly F. and Helen K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-462) interviewed by Donna Yanowitz

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-462

Videotape testimony of Helen F., who was born in approximately 1899; and her daughter Lilly F., who was born in Solotvyno, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in 1928. Lilly F. recounts her family's orthodoxy; participating in Agudat; Hungarian occupation in 1939; German invasion; ghettoization; a non-Jewish friend taking her to Sighet to obtain food; deportation with her parents and siblings to Auschwitz six weeks later; separation from her father and brother; remaining with her mother and sister; slave labor breaking stones; brief separation from her mother; feigning illness at the suggestion of another prisoner, subsequent hospitalization, and release to her mother's barrack; fasting on Tisha B'Av and crafting Shabbat candles; her sister's selection; transfer with her mother in November 1944 to Teplice-Šanov; slave labor in a munitions factory; improved conditions; transfer to Leitmeritz, then Theresienstadt in spring 1945; liberation by Soviet troops in May; traveling to Prague; her mother's hospitalization; learning her brother had survived; joining him in Budapest; her brother's emigration to Palestine in 1946; marriage in January 1948; smuggling themselves to Germany; and emigration to the United States in 1951. Ms. F. discusses attributing her survival to luck; pervasive nightmares and health problems resulting from her experiences; and the effect of her experiences on her child-rearing. Helen K. discusses pervasive memories of the deaths of her daughter, husband, siblings, their spouses, and children.

Author/Creator
F., Lilly, 1928-
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
December 19, 1984.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Lilly F. and Helen K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-462). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.