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Celia R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-491) interviewed by Stan Garfinkel

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-491

Videotape testimony of Celia R., who was born in Hungary in approximately 1923, one of five children. She recounts moving to Chrzanów when she was three; her family's orthodoxy; German invasion; her father's arrest, beating, and resulting death; anti-Jewish restrictions; her two older brothers fleeing to the Soviet Union; ghettoization; forced labor in a textile factory; public hanging of a family; her mother's and brother's deportation; deportation to Markstädt, then Klettendorf; slave labor in a textile factory; transfer to Reichenbach, then Langenbielau; slave labor in a weaving factory; liberation by Soviet troops in May 1945; male former prisoners, including her future husband, protecting them from rape by Soviet soldiers; returning to Chrzanów, seeking her family; assistance from the Red Cross; learning her family had been killed; returning to Reichenbach; marriage; living in Feldafing; her son's birth; emigration to Israel in 1948; moving to Paris, then Germany, in order to emigrate to North America; antisemitic harassment of her son at school; and emigration to the United States after seven years. Ms. R. discusses good and bad kapos; she and two friends helping each other in camps; the importance to her survival of believing she would see her family again; and sharing her experiences with her son and granddaughter.

Author/Creator
R., Celia, 1923?-
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
August 30, 1984.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Celia R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-491). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.