Celia R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-491) interviewed by Stan Garfinkel
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- August 30, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Celia R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-491). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Celia R., who was born in Hungary in approximately 1923, one of five children. She recounts moving to Chrzanów when she was three; her family's orthodoxy; German invasion; her father's arrest, beating, and resulting death; anti-Jewish restrictions; her two older brothers fleeing to the Soviet Union; ghettoization; forced labor in a textile factory; public hanging of a family; her mother's and brother's deportation; deportation to Markstädt, then Klettendorf; slave labor in a textile factory; transfer to Reichenbach, then Langenbielau; slave labor in a weaving factory; liberation by Soviet troops in May 1945; male former prisoners, including her future husband, protecting them from rape by Soviet soldiers; returning to Chrzanów, seeking her family; assistance from the Red Cross; learning her family had been killed; returning to Reichenbach; marriage; living in Feldafing; her son's birth; emigration to Israel in 1948; moving to Paris, then Germany, in order to emigrate to North America; antisemitic harassment of her son at school; and emigration to the United States after seven years. Ms. R. discusses good and bad kapos; she and two friends helping each other in camps; the importance to her survival of believing she would see her family again; and sharing her experiences with her son and granddaughter.