Mark M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-496) interviewed by Sylvia Abrams
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- September 13, 1984.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Mark M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-496). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Mark M., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in approximately 1922, one of ten children. He recounts his parents' orthodoxy; attending school; working in his brother's commercial art studio; attending Betar meetings; participating in Maccabi; family vacations in Otwock; German invasion; his mother and brother being killed by German bombs; using identification papers of a non-Jewish friend who was killed; fleeing east; arrest on the Soviet border; brief imprisonment in Novosibirisk; deportation to a labor camp in Siberia; a brief reunion with his sister; transfer to Sumy; joining the Polish section of the Soviet army; attending officer training school; fighting in many places as the forces moved west; entering Majdanek after liberation; observing piles of burnt corpses; executions of German camp officials; transfer to Warsaw; visiting his sister in Łódź; deserting and traveling illegally to Berlin; recruitment by the Haganah in Munich; traveling to Marseille; illegal emigration by boat to Palestine; interdiction by the British; incarceration on Cyprus for one year; release; marriage in 1948; serving in the Israeli army; and emigration to the United States in 1954 with assistance from his brother. He shows photographs and examples of his commercial artwork.