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Bertha L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-517) interviewed by Leatrice Rabinsky,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-517

Videotape testimony of Bertha L., who was born in Czechoslovakia, one of seven children. She recounts her family's hasidism; cordial relations with non-Jews; living in Vyšná Pisaná; attending schools in Nižná Pisaná and Svidník; anti-Jewish restrictions; expulsion from school; briefly moving to Kapišová, then back to Vyšná Pisaná; orders to report for forced labor in Stropkov; parting from her mother there; transfer to Poprad; deportation to Auschwitz in 1942; slave labor; transfer to Birkenau in August; receiving extra food for work loading corpses onto trucks; a friend convincing her not to commit suicide; briefly seeing her brother (he did not survive); sorting prisoners' luggage; finding her sister-in-law's suitcases; learning two sisters had been killed in Birkenau and her parents in Majdanek; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in October 1944; liberation by British troops in April 1945; reunion with a sister in a displaced persons camp; their journey to Prague, then Bratislava; learning one brother had survived as a partisan; assistance from the Joint; living with their brother in Banská Bystrica; moving to Košice; marriage to a survivor in 1947; her siblings' emigration to Israel; her daughter's birth; and joining her husband's relatives in the United States in 1949. Ms. L. discusses bringing her sister to the U.S.; not discussing her experiences with her children; recently lecturing students about her experiences; and traveling to concentration camps on organized student trips with two of her children. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
L., Bertha.
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1985
Interview Date
January 23, 1985.
Locale
Czechoslovakia
Vyšná Pisaná (Slovakia)
Nižná Pisaná (Slovakia)
Svidník (Slovakia)
Kapišová (Slovakia)
Stropkov (Slovakia)
Poprad (Slovakia)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Bratislava (Slovakia)
Košice (Slovakia)
Banská Bystrica (Slovakia)
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP Restoration master; Betacam SP Restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Bertha L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-517). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.