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Anna M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-525) interviewed by Leatrice Rabinsky

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-525

Videotape testimony of Anna M., who was born in Mielec, Poland, one of six children. She recalls close relations with her extended family; their orthodoxy; moving to Kraków in 1935; an anti-Jewish boycott; German invasion; one sister fleeing to the Soviet zone; ghettoization; forced labor; a friend, disguised as a non-Jew, smuggling food to them; her sister's marriage; her family's deportation in October 1942 (she never saw them again); deportation to Płaszów; a public hanging; transfer nine months later to Skarżysko-Kamienna; slave labor in a munitions factory; helping a fellow prisoner sell a diamond which provided food vital to her survival; transfer to Buchenwald nine months later; women sharing bread with her en route; slave labor in a munitions factory; a death march nine months later; escaping with several others; assistance from local villagers; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Kraków; antisemitic harassment; marriage in 1946; her daughter's birth in Prague; and emigration to the United States in April 1948 with assistance from an uncle. Ms. M. discusses observing Jewish holidays in the camps and the importance of faith to her survival.

Author/Creator
M., Anna.
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1985
Interview Date
January 17, 1985.
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Anna M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-525). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.