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Joseph K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-611)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-611

Videotape testimony of Joseph K., who was born in Ganichi, Czechoslovakia in approximately 1923. He recalls attending school in Sighet; cordial relations with non-Jews; belonging to Betar; his sister's and brother's emigration to Palestine; draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; assignments in Mukacheve, Kisvr̀da, and Korice; returning home; learning his other sister and her children had been shot; he and his parents hiding during a round-up with help from their maid's husband; the same man surrendering them; ghettoization in Mukacheve; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from his parents (he never saw them again); transfer to Buna/Monowitz; a Polish Jew advising him to volunteer as a machinist, which saved his life; public hangings; hospitalization; treatment by a Jewish prisoner doctor; remaining with two friends who were brothers; sharing extra food with them; another friend praying daily; Allied bombings; transfer to Flossenbürg; Czechs throwing them food en route; and a death march to Dachau.

Mr. K. describes preventing his friend from committing suicide when his brother died; transfer to Allach; liberation by United States troops; recuperating in Plzen; traveling to Prague; reunion with his fiancě and her sister; traveling to Budapest; marriage; returning to Ganichi; antisemitic responses to his presence; living in Prague and Varnsdorf; his son's birth; and emigration to the United States in 1949 with assistance from HIAS. He notes sharing his story with his children and becoming religious.


K., Joseph, 1923?-
Lawrence, N.Y. : Second Generation of Long Island, 1984
Interview Date
August 28, 1984.
Ganichi (Ukraine)
Mukacheve (Ukraine)
Kisvárda (Hungary)
Košice (Slovakia)
Plzeň (Czech Republic)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Budapest (Hungary)
Sighet (Romania)
Varnsdorf (Czech Republic)
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Joseph K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-611). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.