Michael J. Holocaust testimony (HVT-726) interviewed by Irving Gadol and Heidi Hample
- Dallas, Tex. : Memorial Center for Holocaust Studies, 1985
- Interview Date
- October 26, 1985.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Michael J. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-726). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Michael J., who was born in Konin, Poland in approximately 1925, one of six children. He recounts his family's orthodoxy; antisemitic harassment in public school; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; a public execution; transfer in cattle trains to the Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski ghetto; smuggling food and supplies into the ghetto; a round-up in 1942 (two siblings hid and were caught); his parents' deportation; remaining in the smaller ghetto with his brother; his brother's escape (he was killed with the partisans); obtaining weapons for the underground; forced labor clearing Jewish homes; finding abandoned infants (the Germans killed them); escaping from the ghetto with false papers; briefly hiding as a non-Jew with assistance from a Pole; entering Ostrowiec labor camp; slave labor in a brick factory; deportation to Birkenau in 1944; assisting the camp underground; the Sonderkommando uprising; public executions; a death march in January 1945 to Mauthausen; transfer to Gusen; slave labor in an airplane factory; sabotaging airplane parts; liberation by United States troops; assistance from the Red Cross; organizing sports in displaced persons camps; and emigration to the United States. Mr. J. discusses never losing hope of surviving, and the deaths of his immediate family and about eighty relatives in the Holocaust.