Helen N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-731) interviewed by James W. Pennebaker and Murray Berger
- Dallas, Tex. : Memorial Center for Holocaust Studies, 1985
- Interview Date
- October 26, 1985.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Helen N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-731). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Helen N., who was born in Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, Poland in approximately 1925, one of seven children. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; attending public school; antisemitic harassment; German invasion in 1939; anti-Jewish restrictions; a public hanging; Germans confiscating their possessions and killing her grandfather; a round-up; selection for work (she never saw her family again); forced factory labor; obtaining false papers with assistance from her father's friend, a Jewish policeman; escaping with two other girls; traveling to Warsaw; living with a non-Jew; volunteering for work in Germany due to her fear of denouncement; transport to Stuttgart, then Fellbach; working in a restaurant; friendship with another “Polish” girl who worked in town; learning she too was Jewish; a fight with her boss resulting in a six-week incarceration in a juvenile detention facility in Rudersberg in December 1943; her friend visiting; assignment to another household; Allied bombings; reassignment to area farms; liberation by British troops; arrival of United States troops; moving to a Stuttgart displaced persons camp; traveling with a friend to Feldafing; a Jew warning them not to return to Poland (she later married him); a U.S. soldier publishing her name in the American-Jewish press; receiving emigration papers from an uncle in Toronto; her son's birth; and emigration to the United States with assistance from the Joint. Ms. N. discusses sharing some of her experiences with her sons, and difficulty condensing five years of experience into a short recording session.