Emmanuel R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-826) interviewed by Burton Einspruch and James W. Pennebaker
- Dallas, Tex. : Memorial Center for Holocaust Studies, 1986
- Interview Date
- November 9, 1986.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. submaster; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Emmanuel R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-826). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Emmanuel R., who was born in Bardejov, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1921, one of five children. He recounts his family's orthodoxy; attending public school and cheder; antisemitic harassment; apprenticing at a lumber business; moving to Mizrachi training facilities in Michalovce, then Poprad, preparing for emigration to Palestine; conscription into the Sixth Slovak Brigade in October 1940; slave labor digging canals in Svätý Jur, then in a brick factory near Bratislava; his family's evacuation to Žilina in 1944; visiting them briefly (he never saw his parents and younger brother again); hiding his sister as a Catholic (he obtained papers for her); escaping to join the Slovak uprising; capture; incarceration in Sered; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; a friend giving him extra bread; a Soviet POW stealing potatoes from him; assignment to the kommando blowing up the crematoria; a death march to Gleiwitz; transport in open trains to Mauthausen; Czech workers in Vítkovice throwing them food en route; transfer to Plattling; slave labor digging pits; hospitalization; liberation by United States troops; traveling to Prague then Bratislava; reunion with his sister and one brother; traveling to Piešt̕any; recuperating in Trenčianské Teplice; and emigration to the United States to join his uncle. Mr. R. discusses attributing his survival to not thinking and taking “things as they come” in camps; physical aliments resulting from his experiences; wanting to forget his experiences in order to keep his sanity; and recently recovering letters written by his father to his uncle prior to and during the war.