Norman S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1055) interviewed by Bernard Weinstein
- Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1987
- Interview Date
- April 10, 1987.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Norman S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1055). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Norman S., who was born in 1927 in Kolbuszowa, Poland, the youngest of nine children. He recounts his family's poverty; attending public school and cheder; antisemitic harassment; working in his father's store; attending yeshiva in Tarńow; German invasion; fleeing to Kraków; arrest en route to the Soviet zone; escape; traveling to Lʹviv; arrest while returning home; escape; returning home; one brother serving on the Judenrat; his family's deportation to Rzeszów; ghettoization; retrieving his family; working for the Judenrat and in the ghetto hospital; arrest of the Judenrat (his brother was released, the others deported); slave labor in a quarry in Lipie; escape; deportation to Pustków; escape; his father's execution (he helped bury him and others); deportation to the Rzeszów ghetto; he and his brother volunteering to clear the Kolbuszowa ghetto; a German beating his friend to death; bribing a German official with coffee to avoid execution; escaping with his brother and others; hiding with non-Jews; obtaining weapons; forming a Jewish group in the forest; building bunkers; villagers killing many in his group; taking revenge on collaborators; attacks by the Armia Krajowa (AK); a Catholic priest providing him with false papers; being wounded by the AK; assistance from a veterinarian in Kupna; treatment as a non-Jew by an AK doctor in Sędziszów; hiding his wounded brother; using his false papers to join the AK; leading an attack on the German who had killed his friend; liberation by Soviet troops; joining the Polish military; serving in Lublin; liberating Kraków; meeting his future wife; serving in an intelligence unit; smuggling Jews and weapons out of Poland; emigration to the United States from Munich; economic hardships while establishing himself; his daughter's birth in 1956; gratitude to the United States; and regrets he did not emigrate to Israel.