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Helena B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1136) interviewed by Bernard Weinstein and Carole M. Shaffer-Koros

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1136

Videotape testimony of Helena B., who was born in Košice, Czechoslovakia. She recalls a large, extended family; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions; her brother moving to Budapest; her father's exemption from a slave labor battalion due to a World War I injury; German invasion in March 1944; forced relocation to a brick factory; deportation with her parents and sisters to Auschwitz; separation from her parents and younger sister (they were gassed); beatings, a "terrible smell," and an orchestra; her sister's hospitalization; a doctor saving her life; separation from her sister when she was transferred to Stutthof; farm work in Beuthen; assisting a friend who was too weak to work; a beating which resulted in permanent scars and pain; transfer to Gronau; a child's birth (it was thrown on a pile of corpses); a death march in January 1945; escaping with a friend; a Polish woman sheltering them; a neighbor turning them in; the German officer releasing them; joining a group of Ukrainian forced laborers; escaping; hiding in sewers; traveling to the Soviet lines; briefly staying in Kraków; traveling to Košice; reunion with her brother and sister; emigration to Palestine, and then to the United States in 1958. Ms. B. notes seldom sharing her story, even with her children.

Author/Creator
B., Helena, 1925-
Published
Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1988
Interview Date
October 18, 1988.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Helena B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1136). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4294818
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:40:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4294818