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Ruth F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1448) interviewed by Jodie Frank and Bernard Weinstein,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1448

Videotape testimony of Ruth F., who was born in Altona (Hamburg), Germany in 1926, the youngest of three children. She recounts attending a Jewish school; antisemitic harassment; her sisters' emigration to Palestine; the milkman warning them of a round-up of Polish Jews (her mother was from Galicia); Kristallnacht; being shunned by former non-Jewish friends; her father leaving for Budapest in June 1939 (he was a Hungarian citizen); joining him in Budapest via Vienna; assistance from the Jewish community which supplied her with tutors; working in a factory; German invasion in March 1944; ghettoization; escaping from a round-up; hiding with a friend, then in a vacant apartment; paying a non-Jewish policeman to smuggle her back to the ghetto; severe hunger; obtaining soup from the Red Cross; her father's death in a Soviet bombardment; liberation by Soviet troops in January 1945; moving to Enns, then Salzberg; working at displaced persons camps; moving to Antwerp; illegal emigration to Palestine from France in April 1947; interception by the British; incarceration on Cyprus; marriage; her daughter's birth; arriving in Israel in January 1949; she and her mother visiting relatives in Frankfurt in 1958; encountering former neighbors in Hamburg; assisting her mother obtain restitution; her death in 1959; divorce and remarriage; emigration to the United States; and hatred of Germans resulting from her losses and experiences. She shows photographs and a dreidel her father carved.

F., Ruth, 1926-
Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1988
Interview Date
June 28, 1988.
Hamburg-Altona (Hamburg, Germany)
Vienna (Austria)
Budapest (Hungary)
Salzburg (Austria)
Enns (Austria)
Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Antwerp (Belgium)
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Ruth F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1448). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.