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Paul M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1544) interviewed by Bernard Weinstein

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1544

Videotape testimony of Paul M., who was born in Będzin, Poland in 1920. He recounts attending school in Piotrków and Warsaw; antisemitic harassment and beating by fellow students; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; burning of the synagogue; ghettoization; forced labor; arrest and beating by the Jewish police; his workshop director securing his release; his brother's deportation; working in another factory; being denounced as a saboteur; arrest; transfer to Katowice; a beating; hospitalization; recruitment by Armia Ludowa; release with his factory director's assistance; smuggling his father out of a group selected for deportation; joining Armia Ludowa in Za̜bkowice; hiding his parents and siblings in a bunker; recruiting for Armia Ludowa; their attacks on Germans (at times, his sister and brother were with him); his father's death and burial in the woods; liberation by Soviet troops in Lublin; reunion with his mother and two sisters in Dąbrowa Górnicza; returning home briefly; appointment as a security official in Katowice identifying Polish collaborators; visiting Auschwitz shortly after liberation; reburying his father in Będzin; one sister's illness; taking her to Merano, Italy for treatment with his brother and mother via Bratislava, Vienna, and Innsbruck; returning home; searching for war criminals in Budapest, Germany, and France; visiting his sister; her death in 1947; working in refugee camps in Italy for the Joint and UNRRA; assisting Beriḥah; emigration to the United States in 1949; marriage in 1952; transferring his father's remains to the United States after his mother's death; and sharing his experiences with his children.

M., Paul, 1920-
Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1989
Interview Date
May 17, 1989 and June 7, 1989.
4 copies: 3/4 in. master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Paul M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1544). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:40:00
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