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Paul M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1544) interviewed by Bernard Weinstein,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1544

Videotape testimony of Paul M., who was born in Będzin, Poland in 1920. He recounts attending school in Piotrków and Warsaw; antisemitic harassment and beating by fellow students; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; burning of the synagogue; ghettoization; forced labor; arrest and beating by the Jewish police; his workshop director securing his release; his brother's deportation; working in another factory; being denounced as a saboteur; arrest; transfer to Katowice; a beating; hospitalization; recruitment by Armia Ludowa; release with his factory director's assistance; smuggling his father out of a group selected for deportation; joining Armia Ludowa in Za̜bkowice; hiding his parents and siblings in a bunker; recruiting for Armia Ludowa; their attacks on Germans (at times, his sister and brother were with him); his father's death and burial in the woods; liberation by Soviet troops in Lublin; reunion with his mother and two sisters in Dąbrowa Górnicza; returning home briefly; appointment as a security official in Katowice identifying Polish collaborators; visiting Auschwitz shortly after liberation; reburying his father in Będzin; one sister's illness; taking her to Merano, Italy for treatment with his brother and mother via Bratislava, Vienna, and Innsbruck; returning home; searching for war criminals in Budapest, Germany, and France; visiting his sister; her death in 1947; working in refugee camps in Italy for the Joint and UNRRA; assisting Beriḥah; emigration to the United States in 1949; marriage in 1952; transferring his father's remains to the United States after his mother's death; and sharing his experiences with his children.

M., Paul, 1920-
Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1989
Interview Date
May 17, 1989 and June 7, 1989.
Będzin (Poland)
Piotrków Trybunalski (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Katowice (Poland)
Za̜bkowice Śla̜skie (Poland)
Lublin (Poland)
Dąbrowa Górnicza (Poland)
Vienna (Austria)
Bratislava (Slovakia)
Innsbruck (Austria)
Merano (Italy)
Budapest (Hungary)
4 copies: 3/4 in. master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Paul M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1544). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:31:00
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