Gustave J. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1594) interviewed by Ilana Abramovitch and Rayzl, Kalifowicz-Waletsky
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1990
- Interview Date
- September 5 and October 30, 1990.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Gustave J. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1594). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Gustave J., who was born in Cologne, Germany in 1923, the oldest of five sons. He recounts his father was a rabbi; attending a Jewish school; his father leaving for France in spring 1933 due to antisemtism; being sent to live with relatives in Prague; joining his family in Strasbourg in September; leaving for Vichy when war began in 1939; his father's three month internment as an enemy alien; German invasion in May 1940; internment in Montluçon; release; traveling to Limoges; joining his family in La Chartre; deportation orders in November; escaping to Montélimar; learning they would be deported in August 1942; hiding with non-Jews; traveling to Marseille; obtaining false papers from the underground; meeting his parents and two brothers in Lyon (the two youngest were safe elsewhere); finding a family in Annemasse to smuggle them to Switzerland; arriving in Geneva; living in refugee camps; attending school in Zurich; visiting his parents in Lugano; arrival of his two younger brothers; emigrating from Paris to the United States in 1946; and bringing his family to the U.S. later that year. Mr. J. discusses the importance of his mother's optimism to their survival and many Jews and non-Jews who helped them.