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Lily M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1711) interviewed by Pam Goodman and Gabriele Schiff

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1711

Videotape testimony of Lily M., who was born in Vilna, Poland in 1924. She recalls an assimilated, affluent home; antisemitism beginning in 1935; her father losing his state job; moving to a village; her mother's death from cancer; Soviet occupation; German invasion in June 1941; ghettoization with her father and sister and other relatives in Vilna; obtaining essential jobs; attending music and poetry performances; a woman who escaped mass shootings in Ponary (she went mad); singing partisan songs at work at Porobanek airfield; deportation with her aunt, sister, and cousins to Kaiserwald; seeing her father once (she never saw him again); transfer to a slave labor camp; a friend who wrote songs (she sings one); transfer to Stutthof; her aunt's and one cousin's death; a death march in winter 1945; assisting friends ("we were dead souls walking"); liberation by Soviet troops; convalescing in Sopot; traveling to Łódź; moving to Leipheim displaced persons camp, then to Italy; hearing from her uncle in Argentina; marriage in 1947; emigration to Argentina; the births of two children; and emigration to the United States in 1956. Mrs. M. discusses reluctance to burden her children with her past and loss of dignity and identity in the camps. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
M., Lily, 1924-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1990
Interview Date
November 13, 1990.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Lily M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1711). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.