Chiel M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1730) interviewed by Ilana Abramovitch
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1990
- Interview Date
- December 4, 1990.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Chiel M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1730). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Chiel M., who was born in Albigowa, Poland in 1910, one of ten children. He recalls his family's orthodoxy; attending Hebrew school; working in his brother's quarry; his parents' deaths; living in Łańcut; German invasion; fleeing to Sieniawa; returning home; fleeing to Soviet-occupied Przemyśl; moving to Berez︠h︡any; German invasion; working with a tinsmith; returning home with a brother and sister; deportation of one sister and her family; fleeing to Przemyśl, then Sieniawa with assistance from a Polish non-Jew; smuggling himself into the ghetto to join his brother; hiding in a bunker with his brother and others during a round-up; leaving the bunker; his brother's arrest (he never saw him again); escaping from the ghetto to join a friend in hiding; being hidden by non-Jews; returning home after liberation; learning he was the sole survivor of his siblings and his extended family of over a hundred people; moving to Rzeszów, Tarnów, then Kraków, fleeing antisemitic violence; living in a displaced persons camp in Italy; assistance from the Joint; living in Rome; sending his rescuers money; visiting them once; and emigration to the United States. Mr. M. notes the importance of luck to his survival and remitting funds monthly to his rescuers, including his reparation payments. He shows photographs.