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Naomi B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2113) interviewed by David Herman,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2113

Videotape testimony of Naomi B., Who was born in Mukacheve, Czechoslovakia in 1924, the youngest of nine children in a Hasidic family. She recalls attending Czech school; Hungarian occupation in 1938; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; her brothers' draft into Hungarian slave labor battalions; her mother's death; German occupation in March 1944; ghettoization; the Judenrat encouraging obedience; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in May; separation from her family, except one sister; their transfer to Stutthof, then to another camp; slave labor in a munitions factory; Allied POWs instructing them to sabotage the bombs; punishment for helping others; a death march in winter 1945; their escape with six others; hiding in abandoned houses; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling home; reunion with her brother; living with a kind Romani; the shock of realizing her losses (her father, three siblings, and ten nieces and nephews); living with her sister who had hidden in Budapest; leaving to emigrate to Palestine; traveling to Bucharest, Budapest, Graz, Modena, Rome, and Ostia; assistance from the Joint, Hashomer Hatzair, and the Jewish Brigade; boarding an illegal ship in Genoa; interception by the British; incarceration in ʻAtlit; living in a kibbutz, then Jerusalem; joining the Haganah; being wounded in the 1948 Israel-Arab War; hospitalization; the siege of Jerusalem; marriage; emigration to England; raising two children; and studying sculpture. Ms. B. discusses prisoner relations in the camps and representing the Holocaust and her emotions through her sculptures.

Author/Creator
B., Naomi, 1924-
Published
London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
June 24, 1992.
Locale
Ukraine
Mukacheve
Poland
Jerusalem
Czechoslovakia
Mukacheve (Ukraine)
Bucharest (Romania)
Budapest (Hungary)
Graz (Austria)
Modena (Italy)
Rome (Italy)
Ostia (Italy)
Genoa (Italy)
ʻAtlit (Israel)
Palestine
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Naomi B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2113). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.