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Leon R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2125) interviewed by David Herman,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2125

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Leon R., who was born in Ostrowiec, Poland in 1927, one of four children. He recalls his family's orthodoxy; attending public school and cheder; antisemitic harassment; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; transfer with his father and brother to a labor camp; escaping; learning his mother and sisters were deported; a non-Jewish neighbor offering help; rejoining his father and brother; transfer to Bliżyn; public hangings; his brother's transfer; his father giving him his bread ration, telling him it was extra; his father's death; hardening himself; stealing food; frequent beatings; transfer to Birkenau; observing arriving transports and the crematoria smoke; a one-time, brief assignment to the crematoria area; hearing the explosion of the Sonderkommando revolt; a death march and train transfer to Buchenwald, then Theresienstadt; becoming ill; awakening after liberation by Soviet troops; a doctor wanting to adopt him; declining to shoot Germans; briefly returning to Ostrowiec; being brought to a group home in Windermere; learning his brother was alive; hearing from an uncle in Brazil; his brother going there; living in Glasgow; receiving emigration papers from his uncle; the Brazilian embassy in London refusing his emigration; meeting his future wife; marriage; and raising two sons. Mr. R. discusses visits to Brazil; a recent trip to Poland; and pervasive painful memories. He shows photographs.
    Author/Creator
    R., Leon, 1927-
    Published
    London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
    Interview Date
    January 27, 1993.
    Locale
    Windermere (England)
    Glasgow (Scotland)
    Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski (Poland)
    Poland
    Cite As
    Leon R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2125). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 39 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Postwar experiences.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mutual aid.
    Concentration camps Revolts.
    Postwar effects.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4296560
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:44:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4296560

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