Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Endre M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2142) interviewed by Elliot Perry,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2142

Videotape testimony of Endre M., who was born in Biharkeresztes, Hungary in 1900 to a large family with a long Hungarian history. He recalls moving to Oradea, then Budapest; his father's leased estate in Sajószöged; serving in World War I; a revolt in Košice; returning home; retired officers occupying their property; his father's death; supporting his mother and younger sister; his mother's death in 1930; attending art school; draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion in 1939; advancing behind German troops to Berdychiv; learning the town's Jews had been "wiped out" prior to their arrival; a month's march to Kiev through blizzards; pervasive starvation; kindness from the locals; finding icons and art for officers and trading them for food; dozens of jobs over eighteen months; returning home because he was over forty-two; German invasion in March 1944; traveling to his wife's parents in Eger; ghettoization; transfer with other military-aged men and veterans to Jelšava (the others were deported to Auschwitz, including his wife), then to Hungary; escaping with four others; traveling to Eger; learning no Jews were left; hiding in forests near Miskolc for two months; assistance from a forester from Kács; moving to Kács; liberation by Soviet partisans; staying with friends in Magyarkeresztúr; returning to Eger; trying to retrieve family property; assisting Jewish concentration camp survivors; reunion with his wife; and emigration to England.

M., Endre, 1900-
London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
June 10, 1992.
Budapest (Hungary)
Oradea (Romania)
Košice (Slovakia)
Berdychiv (Ukraine)
Kiev (Ukraine)
Biharkeresztes (Hungary)
Sajószöged (Hungary)
Eger (Hungary)
Miskolc (Hungary)
Kács (Hungary)
Jelšava (Slovakia)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Endre M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2142). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.