Ela L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2201) interviewed by Jaša Almuli
- Belgrade, Serbia : Jewish Community in Belgrade, 1992
- Interview Date
- January 5, 1992.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ela L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2201). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ela L. who was born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia in approximately 1924. She recounts German invasion; wearing the yellow armband and forced labor clearing rubble; Germans killing 100 Jews as retribution, including her grandfather; non-Jewish friends hiding her father; obtaining false papers; traveling by train with her parents and sister to the Toplice region in November 1941; living in Kuršumlija; assistance from non-Jews; leaving in 1942 when Germans were approaching; living in a village with a Serb for more than a year; leaving when warned the Gestapo knew of them; fleeing to Gornji Grgure, then other villages in the Kopaonik Mountains; moving back and forth between villages; arrest by Bulgarian soldiers; imprisonment in Kuršumlija; release by a Bulgarian lieutenant; returning to Gornji Grgure; assisting peasants to work their fields; and returning to Belgrade in November 1944. Ms. L. notes her family of four and two other relatives survived while fifty-six others were killed. She shows photographs and documents.