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Irma M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2338) interviewed by Janice Gordon and Josie Riger,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2338

Videotape testimony of Irma M., who was born in Forchheim, Germany in 1925, an only child. She recalls her family's affluence; attending Catholic school; her sense of isolation, despite kindness from nuns; wanting to be part of the pervasive Nazi youth culture; living with an aunt in Bamberg; attending a Jewish boarding school in Horburg; being forced to break the school windows and march through town to have rocks thrown at them during Kristallnacht; returning home; finding her home vandalized and her father gone (he was in Dachau); their non-Jewish maid and doctor assisting them; her father's return in December, a "broken man"; living with her maternal grandmother in Emmendingen; joining a kindertransport to Basel in March 1939; living with a foster family; sexual harassment by the father; requesting a transfer from HIAS in Zurich; learning her parents had arrived in the United States; living in an immigrant center for six months; traveling to the United States via Lisbon in August 1940; living with relatives, then her parents; their poverty; attending high school and college; marriage in 1948; her daughter's birth in 1955; and divorce in 1977. Ms. M. discusses nightmares before and after visiting Germany in 1959. She shows photographs and documents.

M., Irma, 1925-
Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1991
Interview Date
October 11, 1991.
Lisbon (Portugal)
Zurich (Switzerland)
Basel (Switzerland)
Emmendingen (Germany)
Horburg (Germany)
Bamberg (Germany)
Forchheim (Oberfranken, Germany)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Irma M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2338). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.