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Y. Abraham Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2379) interviewed by David Herman and Elliot Perry,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2379

Videotape testimony of Y. Abraham Z., who was born in Płock, Poland in 1925. He recounts antisemitic harassment; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; German invasion; escaping to G̨abin; returning home; confiscation of his father's business; ghettoization; smuggling food; his father's election to the Judenrat; deportation to Działdowo, then Suchedniów; his grandfather's death; escaping with his father; railroad work with non-Jewish Poles; friends calling from a passing train that his mother was aboard (it went to Treblinka); separation from the non-Jews; a forced march to Szydłowiec; transfer to Skarżysko; reunion with his sister; slave labor in a munitions factory; assistance from friends when he was ill; working with his sister; beatings for smuggling food; public shooting of escapees; separation from his father and sister during transfer to Buchenwald in fall 1944; receiving extra food from French POWs; transfer to Schlieben; reunion with his father; a Dutch prisoner doctor treating his infected hand; Allied bombings; transfer to Theresienstadt; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Poland; separation from his father; returning to Theresienstadt; registering for emigration to England; returning to Poland to find his father; his father encouraging his return to Theresienstadt; emigration to Windermere; meeting his English aunt; his father's death in a car accident in Germany in 1948; learning his sister had survived; their reunion (she emigrated to the United States); and marriage to his cousin. Mr. Z. discusses the importance to his survival of focusing on the moment; taking chances for extra food; and his powerlessness to help friends and family as they died in front of him.

Author/Creator
Z., Y. Abraham, 1925-
Published
London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
January 25, 1991.
Locale
Poland
Płock
Germany
Płock (Poland)
Gąbin (Poland)
Suchedniów (Poland)
Szydłowiec (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland)
Windermere (England)
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Y. Abraham Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2379). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.