Joseph B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2391) interviewed by David Herman and Elliot Perry
- London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1990-1991
- Interview Date
- December 20, 1990 and February 7, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Joseph B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2391). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Joseph B., who was born in Tripoli, Libya (then Italian) in 1928, the youngest of four children. He recounts his family's British citizenship based on their roots in Gibraltar; their orthodoxy; attending cheder and Italian school; anti-Jewish laws with the rise of fascism; the outbreak of war; his father's imprisonment as a British national; his aunt's death in an Allied bombing; their move to the countryside to avoid bombings; their arrest as British nationals, then transfer to an internment camp in Civatella del Tronto; his father joining them in March 1942; receiving Red Cross packages; freedom to leave during the day; trading with locals; receiving medical treatment in Teramo; observing Jewish holidays; German invasion; forced labor digging trenches; transfer to Fossoli di Carpi, then Bergen-Belsen; slave labor in a shoe workshop; his father conducting services on Jewish holidays; hospitalization; his brother providing them with extra food; his nephew's birth (the baby survived); their transfer to Lindele (Biberach); liberation; living in the Jordanbad displaced persons camp; assistance from UNRRA: returning home; anti-Jewish riots; his emigration to Italy, then England; marriage; and establishing successful businesses. Mr. B. discusses losing his Jewish beliefs; regaining his faith after his children's births; continuing health problems resulting from his experiences; and frequently visiting his parents in Libya. He shows documents.