Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Aliza B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3245) interviewed by Nathan Beyrak and Sara Iwanir

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3245

Videotape testimony of Aliza B., who was born in Thessalonikē, Greece in approximately 1928. She recalls a happy childhood among her large, extended family; German invasion in April 1941; anti-Jewish measures; her brother's escape; ghettoization; her brother's return; their deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from her parents (she never saw them again) and brother; the smell of "burning meat"; learning of the gas chambers and crematoria; selection for specious medical experiments and surgery performed by Josef Mengele, Horst Schumann, Wladyslaw Dering, and Carl Clauberg; recovering from post-surgical infections with assistance from Jewish prisoner doctors; recognizing a neighbor from Thessalonikē (her future husband); learning from him her brother was in Monowitz; a non-Jewish Kapo assisting her and others; transfer to the Union Kommando; contact with other Greek prisoners; clandestine communication with her brother via notes; a beating for fasting on Yom Kippur, that resulted in losing her belief in God; a public hanging of four women who supplied explosives to blow up a crematorium; a death march and train transport to Ravensbrück, then Malchow in January 1945; slave labor in an underground factory; losing hope; hospitalization; recovery after receiving medication from a German guard; evacuation on May 1, 1945; observing cannibalism; liberation by United States troops; briefly living in a refugee camp; returning to Thessalonikē; learning her brother was in Palestine; marriage; illegal emigration to Palestine by ship via Athens; reunion with her brother; her son's birth despite thinking she had been sterilized by the “experiments”; four subsequent losses of children in childbirth; and the birth of a second child when her son was thirteen.

Author/Creator
B., Aliza, 1928?-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
June 17, 1992.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Aliza B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3245). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Expand all
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297287
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:41:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4297287