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Ezra B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3310) interviewed by Anita Tarsi and Avraham Atsili,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3310

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Ezra B., who was born in Würzburg, Germany in 1922, the youngest of five children. He recounts his family's Orthodox rabbinical lineage; their move to Wartenberg shortly after his birth; his strong German and Jewish identities; participating in a Jewish youth group; the Nuremberg laws marking a turning point for him; antisemitic harassment by his principal; attending a Jewish school in Berlin; Kristallnacht; his father's brief incarceration in Sachsenhausen; his family moving to Berlin; joining a Zionist group; moving to a kibbutz in Rathenow; illegally returning to Berlin in May 1942; hiding in several places, including with his parents for a few months; their deportation; hiding with three siblings (another brother was in a labor camp) with a German friend in January 1943; attempts to pass as non-Jews; working for an engineer; obtaining papers as non-Jews; a Passover seder with others in hiding; with assistance from an anti-Nazi, traveling to Vienna dressed as a Hitler Youth in May 1943; being smuggled to Budapest via Szombathely; assistance from a Zionist organization; reunion with his brother and sister; and working in an Jewish orphanage for children from Poland.

    Mr. B. recalls German invasion in March 1944; traveling to Szeged, then Arad; arrest in Sighișoara; transfer to a camp; receiving permission to work in Tîrgu Jiu; contacting the Zionist organization; traveling to Bucharest; emigration to Palestine via Constanța and Istanbul; brief internment in ʻAtlit in November 1944; assistance from the Jewish Agency; learning only his sister had survived; the Red Cross assisting him contact those who had helped him; serving in the 1948 Israel-Arab War; his career as a biochemist; and living in England, the United States, Amsterdam, then returning to Israel. Mr. B. discusses trips to Germany, including a bioethics conference in 1980; issues of German-Jewish identity; his religious-humanist worldview; involvement in organizations promoting interfaith understanding; and writing a book about his experiences. He shows photographs.
    Author/Creator
    B., Ezra, 1922-
    Published
    Ramat Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
    Interview Date
    October 31, 1991.
    Locale
    Germany
    Würzburg (Germany)
    Wartenberg (Bavaria, Germany)
    Berlin (Germany)
    Rathenow (Germany)
    Vienna (Austria)
    Budapest (Hungary)
    Szombathely (Hungary)
    Szeged (Hungary)
    Arad (Romania)
    Sighișoara (Romania)
    Tîrgu Jiu (Romania)
    Bucharest (Romania)
    Constanța (Romania)
    Istanbul (Turkey)
    ʻAtlit (Israel)
    Palestine
    Cite As
    Ezra B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3310). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Tarsi, Anita, interviewer.
    Atsili, Avraham, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related publication: David : the testimony of a Holocaust survivor / Ezra BenGershôm ; translated from the German by J.A. Underwood. -- Oxford, OX, UK ; New York : Oswald Wolff Books ; New York : Distributed exclusively in the US and Canada by St. Martin's Press, 1988.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (8 hr., 23 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Nuremberg laws.
    Crystal Night, 1938.
    Hiding.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    False papers.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Germany. Kristallnacht, 1938. Zionists. Faith. Escapes. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Moral and ethical aspects. Brothers. Brothers and sisters. Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949. Germany. Würzburg (Germany) Wartenberg (Bavaria, Germany) Berlin (Germany) Rathenow (Germany) Vienna (Austria) Budapest (Hungary) Szombathely (Hungary) Szeged (Hungary) Arad (Romania) Sighișoara (Romania) Tîrgu Jiu (Romania) Bucharest (Romania) Constanța (Romania) Istanbul (Turkey) ʻAtlit (Israel) Palestine--Emigration and immigration. Oral histories (document genres) B., Ezra,--1922- Jewish Agency for Palestine. International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297393
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:28:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4297393

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