Ezra B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3310) interviewed by Anita Tarsi and Avraham Atsili
- Ramat Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
- Interview Date
- October 31, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ezra B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3310). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ezra B., who was born in Würzburg, Germany in 1922, the youngest of five children. He recounts his family's Orthodox rabbinical lineage; their move to Wartenberg shortly after his birth; his strong German and Jewish identities; participating in a Jewish youth group; the Nuremberg laws marking a turning point for him; antisemitic harassment by his principal; attending a Jewish school in Berlin; Kristallnacht; his father's brief incarceration in Sachsenhausen; his family moving to Berlin; joining a Zionist group; moving to a kibbutz in Rathenow; illegally returning to Berlin in May 1942; hiding in several places, including with his parents for a few months; their deportation; hiding with three siblings (another brother was in a labor camp) with a German friend in January 1943; attempts to pass as non-Jews; working for an engineer; obtaining papers as non-Jews; a Passover seder with others in hiding; with assistance from an anti-Nazi, traveling to Vienna dressed as a Hitler Youth in May 1943; being smuggled to Budapest via Szombathely; assistance from a Zionist organization; reunion with his brother and sister; and working in an Jewish orphanage for children from Poland.
Mr. B. recalls German invasion in March 1944; traveling to Szeged, then Arad; arrest in Sighișoara; transfer to a camp; receiving permission to work in Tîrgu Jiu; contacting the Zionist organization; traveling to Bucharest; emigration to Palestine via Constanța and Istanbul; brief internment in ʻAtlit in November 1944; assistance from the Jewish Agency; learning only his sister had survived; the Red Cross assisting him contact those who had helped him; serving in the 1948 Israel-Arab War; his career as a biochemist; and living in England, the United States, Amsterdam, then returning to Israel. Mr. B. discusses trips to Germany, including a bioethics conference in 1980; issues of German-Jewish identity; his religious-humanist worldview; involvement in organizations promoting interfaith understanding; and writing a book about his experiences. He shows photographs.