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Ezra B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3310) interviewed by Anita Tarsi and Avraham Atsili

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3310

Videotape testimony of Ezra B., who was born in Würzburg, Germany in 1922, the youngest of five children. He recounts his family's Orthodox rabbinical lineage; their move to Wartenberg shortly after his birth; his strong German and Jewish identities; participating in a Jewish youth group; the Nuremberg laws marking a turning point for him; antisemitic harassment by his principal; attending a Jewish school in Berlin; Kristallnacht; his father's brief incarceration in Sachsenhausen; his family moving to Berlin; joining a Zionist group; moving to a kibbutz in Rathenow; illegally returning to Berlin in May 1942; hiding in several places, including with his parents for a few months; their deportation; hiding with three siblings (another brother was in a labor camp) with a German friend in January 1943; attempts to pass as non-Jews; working for an engineer; obtaining papers as non-Jews; a Passover seder with others in hiding; with assistance from an anti-Nazi, traveling to Vienna dressed as a Hitler Youth in May 1943; being smuggled to Budapest via Szombathely; assistance from a Zionist organization; reunion with his brother and sister; and working in an Jewish orphanage for children from Poland.
Mr. B. recalls German invasion in March 1944; traveling to Szeged, then Arad; arrest in Sighișoara; transfer to a camp; receiving permission to work in Tîrgu Jiu; contacting the Zionist organization; traveling to Bucharest; emigration to Palestine via Constanța and Istanbul; brief internment in ʻAtlit in November 1944; assistance from the Jewish Agency; learning only his sister had survived; the Red Cross assisting him contact those who had helped him; serving in the 1948 Israel-Arab War; his career as a biochemist; and living in England, the United States, Amsterdam, then returning to Israel. Mr. B. discusses trips to Germany, including a bioethics conference in 1980; issues of German-Jewish identity; his religious-humanist worldview; involvement in organizations promoting interfaith understanding; and writing a book about his experiences. He shows photographs.

Author/Creator
B., Ezra, 1922-
Published
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
October 31, 1991.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Ezra B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3310). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297393
Record last modified: 2014-02-20 11:01:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4297393