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Emanuel R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3321) interviewed by Levana Frank and Anita Tarsi,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3321

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    Videotape testimony of Emanuel R., who was born in approximately 1911 in Moscow, Russia. He recounts a pleasant pre-revolution life; his bar mitzvah in 1924; emigration to Paris after Lenin's death; his family's Zionism (his father purchased land in Palestine in 1925 where he lives today); attending boarding school; marriage in 1927; French military enlistment; his daughter's birth; posting to the German border in 1939; retreating during German invasion; traveling to Vichy with an admiral; military discharge; reunion with his wife in Toulouse; registering as a non-Jew; joining the underground; working in the family business in Narbonne; fleeing to Marseille with other underground members; obtaining false papers for his parents; living in Italian-occupied Nice, then in Aix-les-Bains; organizing a network to smuggle Jewish children to Switzerland; coordinating with Eclaireurs and MJS; working with Robert Gamzon, Simone Lévitte, Gerhart Riegner, and the mayor of Annemasse, among others; his sister's arrest while smuggling children (she perished in Ravensbrück); smuggling Leʼo Kohen's family (Kohen was caught crossing to Spain and did not survive); transferring his wife and daughter to Geneva; reuniting families after the war with assistance from OSE; and emigration to Israel in 1953. Mr. R. discusses many Jews and non-Jews who financed or aided the smuggling and the continuing impact of his sister's death (he attributes his father's death to learning she had not survived).
    R., Emanuel, 1911?-
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
    Interview Date
    June 11, 1992.
    Geneva (Switzerland)
    Nice (France)
    Annemasse (France)
    Aix-les-Bains (France)
    Marseille (France)
    Moscow (Russia)
    Paris (France)
    Vichy (France)
    Narbonne (France)
    Toulouse (France)
    Cite As
    Emanuel R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3321). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Frank, Levana, interviewer.
    Tarsi, Anita, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related publication: Rescue as resistance : how Jewish organizations fought the Holocaust in France / Lucien Lazare ; translated by Jeffrey M. Green. -- New York : Columbia University Press, c1996.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (3 hr., 30 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    False papers.
    Postwar experiences.
    Italian occupation.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Bar mitzvah. Jews--Migrations. Jewish refugees. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, French. Zionists. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--France. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. Oral histories (document genres) Geneva (Switzerland) Nice (France) Annemasse (France) Aix-les-Bains (France) Marseille (France) Moscow (Russia) Russia. Paris (France) Vichy (France) Narbonne (France) Toulouse (France) R., Emanuel,--1911?- Gamzon, Robert,--1905-1961. Lévitte, Simone. Riegner, Gerhart. Kohen, Leʼo,--1913-1945. World Union OSE. Mouvement des jeunesses sionistes (France) Éclaireurs israélites de France.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:58:00
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